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  Oriental Carpets
Ceramic Square Tiles


                                         Natural Materials

This is one of the most important criteria of determining value of Turkish Rugs and Oriental Carpets.  

Natural materials are more durable than synthetic materials.They can last for years.

Silk has a very high tensile strength and can be twisted very finely, plus it is quite resiliant.

The finest silk comes from the first part of the amazingly long single thread with witch a silk worm spins its cocoons. When unrolled, the thread from one silk cocoon can stretch up to 25,000 meters.

The quality of wool varies according to the climate, the breed of sheep, and the time of year of the shearing. Wool from sheep that live in warm and arid regions is normally dry and brittle, and since it breaks so easily, it ends up being short and feels lifeless.

Good quality wool comes from healthy and well fed sheep found in cold regions or at high elevations with good grazing lands and lots of water.

In Turkish Kilim Rug weaving, cotton is used mostly for the warp threads, as well as for the wefts.Compared to wool, cotton is generally considered to be a more resiliant fiber and it is less elastic.

So, tighter knots can be tied on cotton warps as opposed to wool.If very tight knot are tied to a wool warp, the fiber will break much more frequently than if the warps were of cotton.

Natural Dyes

Dyes extracted from flowers, roots and insects are used in Turkish, Oriental and Persian Rugs. The use of vegetables, roots and other natural items to make dyes has been a well known art for many thousands of years.

this ancient practice continued unchanged and untouched in Anatolia. If you visit Cappadocia you will see woman making natural dyes.

Natural Dyes are so much better than synthetics. They will not change for years.In direct sunlight synthetic dyes will change their color while natural dyes get brighter and more beautiful.

Geometry and Patterns

Since a carpet is more of a work of art, each design has a deeper meaning. A carpet is more likely to a poem; neither can tolerate any extra element which does not contribute to its wholeness and value.

Therefore, just like in a poem, each pattern of a carpet is like each verse of a poem.It is chosen for its beauty and motifs are carefully arranged to form rhymes of fascinating Turkish Carpets.

Motifs in Turkish rugs are a complete language. They are very interesting fact about Turkish Rugs. They are the expressions of the weaver who are generally women.

In general same regions have same motifs. It is like people talking same language. Motifs depend on the period which they belong in history and the place where they live. They are live words.

There are also other Turkish Tribal rugs such as Caucasian Rugs and Turkmen Rugs with more geometrical designs.

For many centuries, Weaving rugs have been a way for Anatolian women to express their feelings wishes,interests,fears, fidelity and love in an authentic way. Even so, Most of the motifs change from region to region; geometric designs, the central medallion design,tree of life, the prayer niches in Prayer rugs

If you want to learn more about the meanings of the motifs and understand what Anatolian women wants to tell us see the Turkish, Persian and Oriental Rug pattern and design

Turkish, Persian and Oriental Rug Patterns.
Learn How to "read" a rug.

By Learning the meanings of persian rug patterns, you will be able to "read a rug" and understand what the weaver tells us.The names of  Turkish Carpets and Persian rug patterns are derived from the city, village, or tribe where particular patterns were first woven or traded.

Geometry in Tukish, Persian and Oriental Rugs

Geometrically patterned Turkish carpets, Persian carpets and Oriental carpets, woven by nomadic tribes, are decorated with linear elements composed of vertical, horizontal and diagonal lines, and are formed by a repetition of the same motif. The motif of a  Turkish carpet can be used to determine the particular tribe, or place of origin.

A pattern, whether in nature or art, relies upon three characteristics: a unit, repetition, and a system of organization.

Symmetry is a fundamental organizing principle in nature and in culture. The analysis of symmetry allows for understanding the organization of a pattern, and provides a means for determining both invariance and change.

By varying relationships within patterns where symmetry is expected, otherwise predictable and repetitive patterns may be transformed into great works of art.

These variations in design occur in the two main parts of the rug: The field (or ground and the borders, which frame the interior (the field of the  Turkish carpet). Designs fall into two different categories: curvilinear and rectilinear.

The most common motif for Turkish carpets, Persian carpets and Oriental rugs, especially the larger ones, is a large central medallion. Yet, even if two Turkish carpets have basically the same design, no two medallions are ever exactly the same. Some experts believe that the medallion designs stems from the very religious nature of the weavers and that their inspiration probably came from the artwork and patterns of domes of the mosques.

Turkish Carpets, Persian Carpets and Oriental Rug Patterns Classifications and Characteristics


1 - Historic Monuments & Islamic Buildings:
Inspired by tile-work, structure and geometric shapes of ancient buildings.
Some Sub Patterns:Blue Mosque In Istanbul, Mehrabi Kufi, Kabood Mosque, Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, Zire Khaki

2 - Shah Abbassi:A special flower, known as Shah Abbassi, set-off by other floral persian rug patterns and leaves
Some Sub Patterns:Allover, Medallion, Tree, Animal, Sheikh Safi, Embellished Shah Abbassi

3 - Spiral:Spiraling branches around leave. The end of each branch splits to resemble the jaws of a dragon
Some Sub Patterns:Allover Spiral, Interconnected Spiral, Broken Spiral, Medallion Spiral

4 - Allover:All parts of pattern are interconnect usually drawn without the designers hand ever being lifted
Some Sub Patterns:Khatai, Interconnected, Pomegranate Flower, Animal, Twisted Branch, Medallion

5 - Derivative:Patterns of neighboring regions Similar to persian rug patterns originally woven in Persia
Some Sub Patterns:Afganian , Caucasian, Gobelin,Lotto

6 - Interconnected (Bandi):A small piece of design is repeated and connected throughout the  Oriental carpet.
Some Sub Patterns:Ivy, Katieh, mudbrick, diamond, Tree, Milk, Sugar, armlet, cedar, Bakhtiari, Majlessi, Rope

7 - Paisley:Head-bent paisley (common in Indian and Iranian patterns)
Some Sub Patterns:Dosemealti,Yahyali,Yagci Bedir,Sindirgi,Tashpinar,Kars,Oushak, Eight-bush

8 - Tree:Distinctive for their close resemblance to natural tree forms
Some Sub Patterns:Animal, Green Field, Panel, Cedar, Vase

9 - Torkeman (Bokharas):Geometrical shapes & broken lines. (usu. derived from the weavers imagination, not a drawing)
Some Sub Patterns:Gabbeh, Yamouti, Comb, Ghazel Gos, Akhal, Four-Panel, Saddlebag, Spoon

10 - Hunting Ground:Life-like animals
Some Sub Patterns:Tree, Panel, Medallion, Allover

11 - Panel:Multisided panel motif
Some Sub Patterns:Spiral, Koran, Column

12 - European Flower:Original Persian designs with roses in light and dark colours
Some Sub Patterns:Rose, Bijar, Mostowfi, Panel, Bouquet, Rose and Nightingale

13 - Vase:A single large vase, or a smaller vase repeated throughout the carpet
Some Sub Patterns:Khatai, Two-Way, Mehrabi, Allover, Chain, Haji Khanom, Repeate, Scar Medallion, One-Way

14 - Intertwined Fish:Originally a product of nomadic tribes and enriched by modern designers. Intertwined fish.
Some Sub Patterns:Hereke,Kayseri,Anatolian ,Kurdish,Ottoman, Tiny, Fragmented

15 - Mehrab:Representation of the place in a mosque, where the prayer leader stands. Ornamented with pillars, chandeliers & floral persian rug patterns
Some Sub Patterns:Tree, Vase-Column, Chandelier, Vase, Landscape

16 - Striped (Moharramat):Repeated stripes running the length of the  hand made carpet, each stripe with it's own motif and colour
Some Sub Patterns:Overall Pencase, Tiny Flower (one background colour, Paisley (multiple background colours)

17 - Geometrical:Lines, and geometrical shapes (polygons, etc.)
Some Sub Patterns:Connected panel, Medallion, Striped, Scarf Medallion, Plain Ground, Khatai, Star (Mosaic)

18 - Tribal:Oldest & most original Turkish rug patterns. Simple creations of tribal imagination, inspired by natural surroundings
Some Sub Patterns:Kayseri rugs,Konya rugs,Antep rugs,Tribal Embrodary,Oushak Rugs,Malatya Rugs,Kurdish Rugs,Shirvan Rugs,Ladik Rugs,Yahyali Rugs.

19 - Composites:A composite of two or more of the above patterns

Some Sub Patterns:Twisted Branch Medallion, Chanin Medallion, Interconnected Vase & Spiral, Green Field, etc

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